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Art Education in India

Representative image - arts education

Contributors/Author: Department of Education in Arts & Aesthetics, National Council of Educational Research and Training

This report sheds light on the NCERT’s (National Council of Educational Research and Training) vision vis-a-vis the Eleventh Five Year Plan (2007-2012) and the UNESCO – Road Map (2006-2010). It outlines the importance of Art as a curricular and compulsory subject in school education and offers a historical and policy perspective on Art Education in India.

Lastly, it highlights the initiatives and achievements in the field of Art Education of organisations like the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT), the National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE), the Central Board of Senior Secondary Education (CBSE), other organisations working in the area of Art Education and Institutions of Higher Learning in the Field of Arts

Key Highlights:

  • NCERT brought out the National Curriculum Framework (NCF) in 1975, 1988, 2000 and 2005, and made a strong case for making art forms a compulsory area of curriculum because of their immense potential for contributing towards the wholesome development of a child’s personality. 
  • Recommendations of focus group on arts, NCF-2005 are:
    • Arts education must become a subject taught in every school as a compulsory subject up to class X and facilities for the same may be provided in every school. The four main streams covered by the term arts education are music, dance, visual arts and theatre.
    • Teacher education and orientation must include a significant component that will enable teachers to efficiently and creatively include arts education. 
    • It further envisions that arts in India are also living examples of its secular fabric and cultural diversity. 
  • The NCERT, NCTE, CBSE and other premier institutes under the leadership of the MHRD have visualised many areas that need immediate attention as far as the road ahead is concerned including providing quality preservice teacher education to millions of student teachers in the field of arts education.

    Download the full report here.